Butcher block countertops can be made from a wide variety of wood types and grades (or finishings). All butcher block worktops are made in a similar way, cutting the wood to shape, sanding and buffing it, polishing and then sealing it before proceeding to install it. But the type and grade of the wood is what will give your butcher block the desired look and feel, so it’s worth spending some time choosing one you love. Different woods also mean different butcher block countertop prices, and more exotic woods will carry a premium.

What is the Best Wood for a Butcher Block

There is not a single “best wood for butcher block” because depending on your tastes and priorities certain types of hardwood will be better than others. For example, if price is a priority then cheaper woods from quick growing trees like birch can be preferable, whereas for the eco-conscious customer bamboo or reclaimed wood would be the top choice. If your main thing is fair trade, then look for woods that are guaranteed to come from managed forests and with respect to the local people working them, even if it involves higher costs. Or you may prefer to choose based on the colour of the rest of the kitchen, such as the cabinets and floors. A small kitchen would benefit from a lighter wood, whereas a very large one can go for elegant, darker hardwood countertops without looking opressive. Here is a small overview of some of the most common wood for a butcher block countertop.

Maple Butcher Block Countertop Wood

Maple Butcher Block Countertop Wood

Maple Butcher Block Countertop Wood

Maple is a traditional choice of hardwood for butcher blocks, with fine grain and generally light colours. It has a smooth texture but it’s very resistent and durable, so a good choice for almost any kitchen and one of the most popular types of wood.

SaleBestseller No. 1
Wood Welded Maple Butcher Block Countertop (60" x 25" x 1-1/2")
  • Edge Grain Design.
  • Made from Solid, Hardened Sugar Maple.
SaleBestseller No. 2
John Boos R02 Maple Wood Edge Grain Reversible Cutting Board, 24 Inches x 18 Inches x 1.5 Inches
  • John Boos Block R02 Maple Wood Edge Grain Reversible Cutting Board measures 24 inches long, 18 inches wide and 1.5 inches thick
  • Made in the USA: Each John Boos Butcher Block and Cutting Board is proudly made in Effingham, Illinois by skilled craftspeople using time honored...
Bestseller No. 3
Forever Joint Hard Maple Butcher Block Wood Countertop - 1.5" x 26" x 38"
  • CUSTOM CUT SIZES AVAILABLE! ANY SIZE UP TO 36" x 96".
  • To inquire about a custom size click on our store name "Forever Joint Tops, LLC", and then click the yellow button that says "Ask a question". One of...

Oak Butcher Block Countertops

Oak Butcher Block Countertops IKEA

Oak butcher block countertop

Red oak is popular in the northeastern U.S. because it fits great with colonial style homes, whereas white oak has a medium tone and fine grain that make for beautifully neutral butcher blocks. Oak butcher block countertops with white cabinets look understated and classic, for example.

Bestseller No. 1
Forever Joint Red Oak Butcherblock Wood Countertop - 1.5" x 26" x 60"
  • CUSTOM CUT SIZES AVAILABLE UP TO 36" WIDE AND 96" LONG
  • 1.5" Thick x 26" Wide x 60" Long
Bestseller No. 2
John Boos Edge Grain Red Oak Butcher Block Countertop - 1-1/2 Thick, 84" L x 30" W, Oil Finish
  • Blended Oak Butcher Block Countertops - 1-1/2" Thick, 84"L x 30"W, Oil Finish
  • Red Oak combines soft whites and light to medium browns with a reddish cast to exude warmth.
Bestseller No. 3
Forever Joint Hard Maple Butcher Block Wood Countertop - 1.5" x 26" x 38"
  • CUSTOM CUT SIZES AVAILABLE! ANY SIZE UP TO 36" x 96".
  • To inquire about a custom size click on our store name "Forever Joint Tops, LLC", and then click the yellow button that says "Ask a question". One of...

Bamboo Butcher Block Countertop Wood

Bamboo Butcher Block Countertop Wood IKEA

Bamboo Butcher Block Countertop Wood IKEA

Bamboo may sound like a strange choice for a hardwood kitchen countertop, but it’s actually really practical and has impeccable green credentials. Bamboo is actually a herb that grows incredibly quick, so there is no damage to the environment. At the same time, bamboo countertops are naturally anti-microbial, resistant and durable.

Bestseller No. 1
EXTRA LARGE Bamboo Cutting Board Butcher Block By Neet - Thick Heavy & Solid (16.5"x 12" x 2" Inch) Organic Wood Anti-Bacterial Wooden Serving Trays & Cheese Platters Great Chef Kitchen Gift
  • A TRUE BUTCHER'S BLOCK FOR EVERY FOOD-LOVER. Stop chopping your pricey ribeye or T-bone steaks on flimsy cutting board that crack and dull your knife...
  • THICKER, HEAVIER & STURDIER THAN EVER. Our 100% organic bamboo butcher cutting block is 2-inches thick and weighs a whopping 8.5 pounds, so you can...
SaleBestseller No. 2
Prosumer’s Choice Bamboo Stovetop Cover and Countertop Cutting Board w/Adjustable Legs – Large
  • ELEVATED ADJUSTABLE FEET: Elegantly covers the stovetop to provide an extra work surface
  • LARGE WORKSPACE FOR YOUR KITCHEN: A large surface area means you have plenty of room
Bestseller No. 3
Howard Butcher Block Oil, Enriched with Oils, Food Grade Mineral Oil with Vitamin E Butcher Block Oil & Conditioner, Bamboo, Butcher Blocks, Counter Tops, 128 oz, Gallon
  • Revitalizing blend prevents drying and cracking of hardwoods and bamboo Food Grade Butcher Block Oil. Food Grade Mineral Oil with Vitamin E.
  • Howard Natural oils provide another level of protection High quality pure natural food grade mineral oil Ideal for salad bowls wooden spoons and...

Birch Butcher Block

Birch Butcher Block Countertop

Birch Butcher Block Countertop

Birch worktops show off the rings caused by the quick growth of the tree. Fine-grained and pale, it has a satin-like sheen that will darken with age. It can be found at major retailers at relatively unexpensive prices.

Bestseller No. 1
Allwood 1.5" x 24" x 60" Birch Table/Counter/Island Top see all edge options (Sharp edges (no routing))
  • Genuine Allwood Baltic Birch Island / Counter / Table top / Butcher block
  • Affordable yet elegant looking Island / Counter / Table top replacement
Bestseller No. 2
Allwood 1.5" x 30" x 48" Birch Workbench/Butcher Block
  • Genuine Baltic Birch Workbench top / Butcher Block.
  • Net size 1.5" x 30" x 48". Made from solid glued birch wood strips.
SaleBestseller No. 3
Allwood 1.5" x 36" x 48" Birch Table/Counter/Island Top see all edge options (Routed edges both faces)
  • Baltic Birch Island / Counter / Table top / Butcher block
  • Affordable yet elegant looking Island / Counter / Table top replacement

Teak Butcher Block

Teak Butcher BlockIf you are after a centerpiece for your kitchen, teak is one of the hardwoods better suited for a dramatic statement, particularly against solid coloured countertops. The wood is highly textured with light and dark brown grain.

Bestseller No. 1
Large Reversible Teak Wood Cutting Board: 18x14x1.25 with Juice Groove (Gift Box Included) by Sonder Los Angeles
  • THE HUDSON CUTTING BOARD was thoughtfully crafted to be a staple in your kitchen and the foundation to every meal. Hudson is an edge grain (long...
  • REVERSIBLE - The reversible design offers the use of either side for prepping and chopping. The reverse side is finished without a juice groove to...
Bestseller No. 3
KUTLER Heavy Duty 18" x 12" End Grain Bamboo Cutting Board - Thick Kitchen Butcher Block w/Juice Grooves for Chopping Meats, Vegetables, Breads & Cheese - Extra Large
  • THICK END GRAIN DESIGN - This heavy-duty end grain butcher block is over 1" thick. Much thicker than other lower quality competitive boards. The...
  • ORGANIC BAMBOO: Crafted from organic "Moso" bamboo, this premium, sustainable all-natural wood is durable and beautiful. Boards are...

Cherry Butcher Block Countertops

Cherry Butcher Block Countertops

Cherry Butcher Block Countertops

American or Black Cherry has a naturally deep red or light red-brown colour that darkens with age to a deep brown-red colour in a variety of textures, from straight to wavy or curly streaks. It’s not the most durable type of butcher blocks, but it’s definitely beautiful. You can also find it in a lovely light, creamy pink colour with dark wavy streaks.

Bestseller No. 1
Armani Fine Woodworking End Grain Cherry Butcher Block Countertop
  • Custom Sizes Available - Contact us for a quick quote
  • Handmade in Colorado, USA by Armani Fine Woodworking
Bestseller No. 2
John Boos CHYKCT3025-O Cherry Kitchen Counter Top with Oil Finish, 1.5" Thickness, 30" x 25"
  • This cherry wood countertop measures 30 inches wide, 25 inches long and 1.5 inches thick
  • Penetrating Oil Finish: Natural wood surface is finished with food-safe oil, allowing you to use the countertop as a cutting surface
Bestseller No. 3
Unfinished Cherry Butcher Block Table/Counter/Island top with Square Edge 12"W x 12"L x 1-1/2"Thick
  • Unfinished cherry butcher block with square edge 12"W x 12"L x 1-1/2"Thick
  • This block is very thick & durable.

Hickory Butcher Block Countertops

Hickory Butcher Block Countertops

Hickory Butcher Block Countertops

Hickory has a warm, reddish tone once sealed that looks amazing. This is a very heavy and hard wood, and so very durable, with a lot of beautiful texture.

Other commonly used woods for butcher blocks are pine, poplar, beech or alder. Depending on your location some will be more available and affordable than others, as importing wood is generally expensive.

Bestseller No. 1
Forever Joint Walnut Butcher Block Kitchen Counter Top - 1.5" x 26" x 38"
  • 1.5" Thick x 26" Wide x 38" Long
  • To inquire about a custom size click on our store name "Forever Joint Tops, LLC", and then click the yellow button that says "Ask a question". One of...
Bestseller No. 2
Armani Fine Woodworking Calico Hickory Butcher Block Countertop
  • Custom Sizes Available - Contact us for a quick quote
  • Handmade in Colorado, USA by Armani Fine Woodworking
Bestseller No. 3
Forever Joint Hickory Butcher Block Top - 1.5" x 26" x 60"
  • CUSTOM SIZES AVAILABLE UP TO 36" WIDE AND 96" LONG
  • 1.5" Thick x 26" Wide x 60" Long

Wood Grades For Kitchen Countertops

The grade, or quality, of a butcher block countertop depends on how the different blocks of wood are glued together. Wood is very strong when parallel to the grain, and the bonding is also stronger when using the face and edge grain, but less strong on the end grain.

Wood configurations edge end face grain

Wood configurations edge end face grain

There are 3 wood grades.

Edge grain is the cheapest, second stronger and most stable of the three, and as such the most popular. The surface is made with the long and narrow edges of the boards, so it has a striped pattern.

Flat grain on the other hand is arranged so the surface is formed by the width of the boards, which means less of a pattern than with edge grain.

Finally, end grain grade uses smaller blocks of wood placed so the front of the wood (the bit that would go at the end of a board) forms the surface. As such it shows a lot of pattern with the knots and grow rings, and since the pieces are very small it’s very strong. However, it’s also the most expensive and the one with more room to get damaged by water being absorbed into the wood and expanding it.

SaleBestseller No. 1
John Boos WALKCT-BL6025-O Blended Walnut Counter Top with Oil Finish, 1.5" Thickness, 60" x 25"
  • Boos Block Walnut Countertops bring a sophisticated elegance to your kitchen
  • Solid American Walnut Construction
SaleBestseller No. 2
Wood Welded Maple Butcher Block Countertop (60" x 25" x 1-1/2")
  • Edge Grain Design.
  • Made from Solid, Hardened Sugar Maple.
Bestseller No. 3
Edsal BB3060 Butcher Block Wood Work Bench Top, 60" Width x 30" Depth, Maple
  • Made from top quality kiln-dried maple strips
  • Solid laminated maple top resists damage by sharp tools and solid blows yet harmless to precision machined parts and dies

As you can see, deciding what is the best wood for butcher block countertops is not easy because there is not really a bad or a absolutely superior type of hardwood. However, price and desired end result will help you choose the one more suitable for your needs.